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Tiana 發問於 文學及人文學歷史 · 1 十年前

What is history?

What is history?

9 個解答

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  • 1 十年前
    最愛解答

    History is the study of human behavior through time. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of past humans, families and societies as preserved primarily through written sources. History is thus usually distinguished from prehistory by the widespread adoption of writing in the area under study. Knowledge of history is often said to encompass both knowledge of past events and historical thinking skills.

    Traditionally, the study of history has been considered a part of the humanities. However, in modern academia, history is increasingly classified as a social science, especially when chronology is the focus.

    Classifications

    Main article: Historical classification

    Because history is such a broad subject, organization is vital. While several writers, such as H.G. Wells and Will and Ariel Durant, have written universal histories, most historians specialize.

    There are several different ways of classifying:

    Topical (by subject or topic)

    Chronological (by date)

    Geographical (by region)

    National (by nation)

    Ethnic (by ethnic group)

    History and prehistory

    Traditionally, the study of history was limited to the written and spoken word. However, the rise of academic professionalism and the creation of new scientific fields in the 19th and 20th centuries brought a flood of new information that challenged this notion. Archaeology, anthropology and other social sciences were providing new information and even theories about human history. Some traditional historians questioned whether these new studies were really history, since they were not limited to the written word. A new term, prehistory, was coined, to encompass the results of these new fields where they yielded information about times before the existence of written records.

    In the 20th century, the division between history and prehistory became problematic. Criticism arose because of history's implicit exclusion of certain civilizations, such as those of Sub-Saharan Africa and pre-Columbian America. Additionally, prehistorians such as Vere Gordon Childe and historical archaeologists like James Deetz began using archaeology to explain important events in areas that were traditionally in the field of history. Historians began looking beyond traditional political history narratives with new approaches such as economic, social and cultural history, all of which relied on various sources of evidence. In recent decades, strict barriers between history and prehistory may be decreasing.

    There are differing views for the definition of when history begins. Some believe history began in the 34th century BC, with cuneiform writing. Cuneiforms were written on clay tablets, on which symbols were drawn with a blunt reed called a stylus. The impressions left by the stylus were wedge shaped, thus giving rise to the name cuneiform ("wedge shaped").

    The Sumerian script was adapted for the writing of the Akkadian, Elamite, Hittite (and Luwian), Hurrian (and Urartian) languages, and it inspired the Old Persian and Ugaritic national alphabets.

    For others history has become a "general" term meaning the study of "everything&;quo t; that is known about the human past (but even this barrier is being challenged by new fields such as Big History).

    Sources that can give light on the past, such as oral tradition, linguistics, and genetics, have become accepted by many mainstream historians. Nevertheless, archaeologists distinguish between history and prehistory based on the appearance of written documents within the region in question. This distinction remains critical for archaeologists because the availability of a written record generates very different interpretive problems and potentials.

    參考資料:

    http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/History

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  • 1 十年前

    Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad Bad

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  • 1 十年前

    究竟它懂不懂醜字點寫??

    自問自答......

    請負評!!

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  • 1 十年前

    history係歷史,即以前發生的事。

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  • 匿名
    1 十年前

    HISTORY is something happened in the past and it must be true !!

    Stories MYTHS and legends are not history~

    (1)history is the study of human race

    (2)history is the study of the record in the past

    (3)history is the study of historian interpretation of the records of important past events~

    你用英文問,應該想我用英文答la~ 想要中文版send E mail 俾我, 希望我幫到你

    資料來源: 學校教材
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  • 1 十年前

    原始史料: 如文物...

    二手史料:如口述報告....

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  • 1 十年前

    歷史定義

    歷史是研究人類過往活動的學科。我們可透過歷史認識前人怎樣創造各種的政治.文化.和經濟制度,並了解它們的發展情況。這些制度和發展與我們息息相關,因為過往的事情影響我們現今的生活。

    2006-11-26 17:57:20 補充:

    歷史是過往發生的事件.歷史是過往發生事件的記錄.歷史是歷史記錄的研究

    資料來源: 書=〕
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  • 1 十年前

    History is the study of human behavior through time. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of past humans, families and societies as preserved primarily through written sources. History is thus usually distinguished from prehistory by the widespread adoption of writing in the area under study. Knowledge of history is often said to encompass both knowledge of past events and historical thinking skills.

    Traditionally, the study of history has been considered a part of the humanities. However, in modern academia, history is increasingly classified as a social science, especially when chronology is the focus.

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  • 1 十年前

    1. History is something it was past .

    2. His story .

    資料來源: me
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