什麼是operation fortitude? 中譯是什麼?
當中的fortitude north 作戰又係點?
- GELv 61 十年前最愛解答
1944年1月，比萬訪問蘇聯，與蘇聯情報機關聯手製造進攻挪威、瑞典的假像。英國在蘇格蘭愛丁堡建立了實際並不存在的第4集團軍群司令部，同蘇軍類似的虛假司令部溝通了無線電聯繫。德軍憑藉其出色的無線電偵聽和定位技術，很快測出了這個假集團軍 群司令部的位置，還派出飛機進行轟炸。英軍還對駐蘇格蘭的部隊下發極地地區發動機保養手冊，補充滑雪板等嚴寒地區裝備，進行滑雪訓練。大有將要在北歐作戰 的模樣。而且英國的BBC廣播電臺對挪威、瑞典的廣播中要求兩國的百姓進行防空準備，並儘量多儲備食物、燃料、藥品等必需品。這些措施，使德軍在挪威和瑞 典部署了13個師，其中1個裝甲師，以應付盟軍的進攻。這13個師直到戰爭結束都沒離開挪威和瑞典。
- TsangLv 51 十年前
“Fortitude” was the codename given to the decoy (or disinformation) mission mounted by the Allies to deceive the Germans about the date and above all the place of the landings. The latter were convinced that the British and American attack would come in the Pas-de-Calais area and it was important not to disillusion them. They therefore had to be made to think that a whole group of armies was present in Kent, opposite the Pas-de-Calais.
A Sherman tank made from inflatable rubber. (IWM)
To deceive the German observation planes, which their antiaircraft defences did their best to avoid, the local estuaries, creeks and harbours were crammed with dummy landing craft, made out of bits and bobs. A giant oil pumping head for PLUTO (made from papier mâché) was erected near Dover, while large numbers of inflatable rubber tanks were positioned in the fields. Plywood vehicles and guns lined the roadsides. At night, convoys of lorries ‑ always the same ones – drove back and forth across the region. For the benefit of the Germans, a team of technicians maintained constant radio traffic between totally fictitious units.
Fortitude succeeded beyond anyone’s wildest dreams. Long after June 6th, Hitler remained convinced that the Normandy Landings were a diversionary tactic to induce him to move his troops away from the Pas-de-Calais, so that a decisive attack could then be launched there. He therefore kept his best units in readiness there, until the end of July, desperately scanning an empty horizon, while the fate of the war was being decided in Normandy.
This 25-pound gun and its carriage were made from plywood. (IWM)