L K 發問於 寵物雀鳥 · 1 十年前

尼柯巴鳩的特性

尼柯巴鳩的特性

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  • May
    Lv 7
    1 十年前
    最愛解答

    圖片參考:http://www.ysdw.net/UploadFile/2006-9/200691517483...

     

    圖片參考:http://www.zzi.cc/sck/fgx/fgx1/01-09.gif

    尼柯巴鳩

    Nicobar Pigeon

    Scientific classification

     

    Kingdom:

    Animalia

     

    Phylum:

    Chordata

     

    Class:

    Aves

     

    Order:

    Columbiformes

     

    Family:

    Columbidae

     

    Genus:

    Caloenas

     

    Species:

    C. nicobarica

    Binomial name

    Caloenas nicobarica

    圖片參考:http://www.zzi.cc/sck/fgx/fgx1/01-09.gif

    The Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a

    pigeon which is a resident breeding bird on small uninhabited islands in

    Indonesia and the Nicobar Islands. It is the only member of the genus

    Caloenas.

    This species nests in dense forest, building a stick nest in a tree and

    laying one elliptical, faintly blue-tinged white egg. Its flight is quick,

    with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are

    characteristic of pigeons in general.

    This is a large, heavy pigeon at 40cm in length. It is mainly metallic green

    with green and copper hackles on the neck. The head and upper neck, flight

    feathers and breast are dark grey. The tail is very short and pure white.

    There is a black knob on the base of the bill, and the strong legs are dark

    red. This is not a very vocal species, but the call is a coo-coo-coo.

    Females are slightly smaller than males; they have a smaller bill knob,

    shorter hackles and browner underparts. Immature birds have a black tail.

    The Nicobar Pigeon roams in flocks from island to island, including

    inhabited sites, seeking its food of seeds, fruit and some invertebrates,

    and is attracted to areas where grain is available.

    Comparison of mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA sequences (Shapiro et

    al., 2002) suggests the Nicobar Pigeon is the closest living relative of the

    Dodo and the Rodrigues Solitaire. This does not actually imply a very close

    relationship, and at any rate, molecular phylogeny of the Indo-Australian

    pigeons has yielded wildly differing results depending on the gene sequence

    analyzed.

    From subfossil bones found on New Caledonia and Tonga, an extinct species,

    the Greater Maned Pigeon (Caloenas canacorum) was described. It was a

    sizeable bird, about one-quarter larger than the Nicobar Pigeon. Considering

    that it must have been a good source of food, it was most likely hunted to

    extinction by the first human settlers of the islands where it occurred.

     

    尼柯巴鳩 Nicobar Pigeon

    又名綠蓑鴿 學名 Caloenas nicobarica

    目前為保育等級Ⅰ之瀕臨絕種野生動物。

    依野生動物保育法第十五條規定,除本法或其他法令另有規定外,不得買賣。

    其生活型態及繁殖狀況,請以一般鳩鴿科方向思考。

    分佈:尼古巴群島至呂宋島、新幾內亞。

    羽色雌雄相似。雜食性。常以細枝鬆散構築鳥巢。動物園中有其繁殖的紀錄。

    飼養時須注意嚴冬時的低溫保暖及同種間之打鬥問題。

     

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicobar_Pigeon

    http://www.fhk.gov.tw/editgbook/gbook.asp?Page=14

  • 1 十年前

    尼柯巴鳩好靚!

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