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物業管理 (Property Management) 和設施管理 (Facilities Management) 的分別
- Kai MingLv 51 十年前最愛解答
Both FM and PM concern the as-is status of all fixed assets, but FM does not limit to it, FM concerns the life cycle of all fixed assets but PM only concentrates on the management of the completed buildings. FM aims to ensure all assets in good condition during its life cycle cost. Meanwhile, the initial cost, operation, maintenance and disposal cost are also issues that Facilities Manager shall notice. Since the perspective is so different between FM and PM, the actual building performance of property under Property Management and Facilities Management is largely different.
In Management Content, PM ensures the facilities in good condition by utilize minimum cost. And Facility Management maximize the efficiency while minimizing the cost by energy saving, environmental protection and facilities flexibility.
Although FM approach encompasses more functions than the PM approach and across a longer time span of the life of buildings, it is hard to implement FM approach if the properties are too small and not wholly owned corporate real estate. It is because the main theories of FM, such as strategic facilities management and space planning etc, cannot be implemented in these buildings.
In Hong Kong, PM approach has been practiced for a long time in managing both multi-owned properties and wholly owned properties. In theory, FM approach has many other functions that can benefit property owners especially for the corporate real estate owners. Does FM approach really more suitable than PM approach for corporate property owners in managing their properties? The following table summarized the perspectives between the PM approach and FM approach in managing built facilities.
Comparison between PM and FM in managing built facilities
Upkeep the value of assets
Raise the value of assets by effective utilization of assets
Management of on-site issues
(i.e. Facilities Strategic Planning)
Maintenance & repair issues
Raise the productivity & customer satisfaction by best use of facilities
Defective & problematic facilities
All fixed assets
Static (Good condition is the target)
Dynamic (frequency of use)
Maintain facilities in as-is status
Maintain facilities as expected life cycle
Ensure the facilities in good condition by utilize minimum cost
Maximize the efficiency while minimizing the cost by energy saving, environmental protection, and facilities flexibility.
Various departments with different functions
Multi-disciplinary facilities manager
Role of Manager
Decision-maker資料來源： My career knowledge
- C HowLv 71 十年前
Facilities Management = Property Management + Building Services Management (ie. those engineering technical stuff)
So Facilities Management has a bigger job scope, which means more troubles for the staff, but higher overall efficiency from management point of view.