想要一篇關於Turkey religion既英文文~最好唔係copy~大慨5分鐘既~~please~and thank you~ 20點架~
- MatthewLv 51 十年前最愛解答
Well according to what I have heard from my high school teacher, the religion of 99% of the population of Turkey is Islam; however Turkey is a secular state without any official religion. After the demise of the Ottoman Empire in Turkey, which claimed legitimacy from religion, the founders of modern Turkey decided it best to separate religion from politics in Turkey and in 1937 secularism was made a constitutional principle. The Ottoman Sultan who ruled through religion was replaced by the chairmanship of religious affairs that is responsible for only matters of the Muslim religion in Turkey.
Here are the three main religious in turkey:
The Muslim religion in Turkey
About 80% of people in Turkey follow the Sunni branch of the Islamic religion with most of the remainder belonging to the Alawi understanding of the Muslim religion. There are small minorities of Shia followers of the Muslim religion. All sects of the Muslim religion believe in One God and believe in the teachings of the prophets from other religions including Jesus, Moses and Abraham. All Muslims in Turkey view their religion as the completion of the same message revealed by other religions. The foundation of the Muslim religion is belief in One God and that Muhammad was the last messenger therefore Islam is the last divine religion. The book of the Muslim religion is the Quran which was revealed by God through Muhammad while he was in an inspired state. There are many old Qurans and manuscripts of religion in the museums of Turkey.
The Christian religion in Turkey
Members of other religions in Turkey only make up 1% of the population and most of these belong to the Christian religion. Armenians are the biggest community that follow the Christian religion in Turkey. Armenian followers of the Christian religion belong to one of three branches: Catholics, Protestants and Gregorian. Other branches of the Christian religion in Turkey are the Greek orthodox followers who live on the West of Turkey close to Greece, although there are also followers of the Byzantine Catholic religion in the same area of Turkey.
The Jewish religion in Turkey
There is a small community of followers of the Jewish religion in Turkey who live mainly around Istanbul and the west coast. These Sephardic Jews had lived in Spain until they fled to Turkey after being persecuted in Europe because of their religion. The followers of the Jewish Religion in Turkey number between 5-10,000 although they are free to practice their religion freely in Turkey without any trouble.
Hope it'll help~~ ^資料來源： myself + research + textbook
- DSLv 51 十年前
Most of the Turkish population is Muslim, of whom a majority belong to the Sunni branch of Islam. About 15-20% of the population are affiliated with the Alevi sect. There is also a small, but significant Twelver Shi'a minority, mainly of Azeri descent.
The remainder of the population belong to other beliefs, namely Christian (Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac Orthodox, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism), Judaism, the Bahá'í Faith, Yezidism and Atheism.
Interior of the Selimiye Mosque, EdirneThere is a strong tradition of secularism in Turkey. Even though the state has no official religion nor promotes any, it actively monitors the area between the religions. The constitutional rule that prohibits discrimination on religious grounds is taken very seriously. The Turkish Constitution recognises freedom of religion for individuals, and the religious communities are placed under the protection of state, but the constitution explicitly states that they cannot become involved in the political process, by forming a religious party for instance. No party can claim that it represents a form of religious belief. However, religious sensibilities are generally represented through conservative parties. Turkey, as a secular country, prohibits by law, the wearing of religious headcover and theo-political symbolic garments for both genders in government buildings, schools, and universities.
The mainstream Hanafite school of Sunni Islam is largely organised by the state, through the Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı (Department of Religious Affairs), which controls all mosques and Muslim clerics. The department is criticized by some Alevi Muslims for not supporting their beliefs and instead favoring the Sunni faith. The Orthodox Patriarch (Patrik) is the head of the Greek-Orthodox Church in Turkey and serves as the spiritual leader of all Orthodox churches throughout the world. The Armenian Patriarch is the head of the Armenian Church in Turkey, while the Jewish community is led by the Hahambasi, Turkey's Chief Rabbi, based in İstanbul.
Turkey has the oldest Christian church in the world, St. Peter's in Istanbul.
The Roman Catholic Church in Turkey is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. There are only around 35,000 Catholics, constituting 0.05% of the population, in this traditionally Islamic country. The faithful follow the Latin, Byzantine, Armenian and Chaldean Rite. The Catholic community was shocked when Father Andrea Santoro, an Italian missionary working in Turkey for 10 years, was shot twice at his church near the Black Sea. He had written a letter to the Pope asking him to visit Turkey. Pope Benedict XVI is planning to visit Turkey in November 2006. Relations had been rocky since Pope Benedict XVI had stated his opposition to Turkey joining the European Union. The Council of Catholic Bishops met with the Turkish prime minister in 2004 to discuss restrictions and difficulties such as property issues.