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匿名 發問於 文學及人文學詩詞 · 1 十年前

有關達爾文的物種起源?請盡量用英文回答,中文也可~

在Darwin中的 The Origin of Species 中提到,How far the theory of Natural Selection may be extended ,能麻煩幫忙整理出一個摘要嗎?

PS:請盡量用英文回答,中文也可~

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    1 十年前
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    The Origin of Species

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    The title page of the 1859 edition of On the Origin of Species.

    The Origin of Species (full title On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life) by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published on 24 November 1859, is one of the pivotal works in scientific history, and arguably the pre-eminent work in biology. In it, Darwin makes "one long argument", with copious empirical examples as support, for his theory that "groups" of organisms, (now called populations) rather than individual organisms, gradually evolve through the process of natural selection — a mechanism effectively introduced to the public at large by the book. The work presents detailed scientific evidence that he had accumulated both on the Voyage of the Beagle in the 1830s and since his return, painstakingly laying out his theory and refuting the doctrine of "Created kinds" which underlay the theories of Creation biology which were then widely accepted.

    Even for the non-specialist the book is quite readable and it attracted widespread interest on publication. Although the ideas presented in it are supported by an overwhelming body of scientific evidence and are widely accepted by scientists today, they are still, in some parts of the world, highly controversial, particularly among American non-scientists, who perceive them to contradict various religious texts (see Creation-evolution controversy).

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